Judah

Judah
Son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:35) who gave his name to the tribe which settled in the south of Palestine, and thence to the country itself. David was anointed king of Judah (2 Sam. 2:4), but after capturing Jerusalem he became king also of the northern area (Israel) and thus the twelve [[➝ Twelve, the]] tribes were united until the death of Solomon. After the division or disruption (922 BCE) there was civil war between Judah and Israel but Judah's geographical position proved a bonus for its survival, and when Israel and other states were swallowed up by the Assyrians Judah survived, even when Sennacherib besieged Jerusalem in 701 BCE. The religious history of the country was an oscillation between collusion with the non-Israelite population by legalizing Canaanite cults, followed by Yahwist reforms as in the reigns of Hezekiah (727–698 BCE; 2 Kgs. 18:2) and Josiah (639–609 BCE; 2 Kgs. 22:3–20). Josiah was killed at Megiddo when attempting to repel an Egyptian army which was hastening to the help of the ailing Assyrians being assaulted by the rising Babylonians (2 Kgs. 23:29). After the Babylonians defeated the Egyptians at Carchemish in 605 BCE, Judah came under their domination, but King Jehoiakim rebelled and Jerusalem fell to the Babylonians in March 597 BCE. The deportation of leading citizens to Babylon followed. More seriously, a further rebellion by Zedekiah led to Nebuchadnezzar's siege of Jerusalem for two years and the destruction of the city in 586 BCE, followed by the Exile (2 Kgs. 25:11) of most of the population, although the prophet Jeremiah, who had favoured surrender to the Babylonians, was captured by a group of nationalists and removed with them to Egypt. As an independent kingdom, Judah was finished, until the Maccabees [[➝ Maccabees, books of]] threw off the Seleucid yoke. There was then an independent Hasmonean [[➝ Hasmoneans]] Kingdom of Judah from 164 BCE until Pompey's victories in 63 BCE.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • JUDAH — (Heb. יְהוּדָה), fourth son of Jacob and Leah. The biblical explanation of the name Judah connects it with thanksgiving and praise (Heb. אוֹדֶה, oʾdeh; Gen. 29:35). However, if one compares the names Judith (Gen. 26:34) and Jahdai (I Chron. 2:47) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH — (Nesiah), nasi from about 230 to 270 C.E., son of Gamaliel III, and grandson of Judah ha Nasi. During his period of office the power of the nasi began to decline and the struggle between him and the scholars became intensified. Judah and his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah II — was a famous Jewish sage who lived in Tiberias in the Land of Israel, in the middle of the third century CE. He is mentioned in the classical works of Judaism s oral law, the Mishnah and Talmud.There he is variously called Judah, Judah Nesi ah ( …   Wikipedia

  • JUDAH IV — (fl. c. 385–400 C.E.), patriarch, son of gamaliel V. Very little is known about him, and even that little is doubtful. He seems to have been unpopular with contemporary rabbis, and when his sister Mana died, a leading Palestinian scholar refused… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH — JUDAH, surname of at least three colonial American families not known to be related. New York Judahs BARUCH JUDAH (c. 1678–1774), who was born in Breslau, founded a family appearing in New York, Newport, Rhode Island, and Richmond, Virginia, in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah — ist der Name folgender Personen: Mel Judah (* 1947), australischer Pokerspieler Zab Judah (* 1977), US amerikanischer Boxer Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Judah — [jo͞o′də] n. [Heb yehūdhāh, lit., praised] 1. a masculine name: dim. Jude; fem. Judith 2. Bible a) Jacob s fourth son, whose mother was Leah: Gen. 29:35 b) the tribe descended from him, the strongest of the twelve tribes of Israel: Num. 1:26 3.… …   English World dictionary

  • Judah IV — held the office of Nasi of the ancient Jewish Sanhedrin between 385 and 400 CE, following Gamaliel V. He was succeeded by Gamaliel VI, the last occupant of the office. References …   Wikipedia

  • Judah — m Biblical name, possibly meaning ‘praised’ in Hebrew, borne by the fourth son of Jacob (Genesis 29: 35), who gave his name to one of the twelve tribes of Israel and to one of its two kingdoms. Cognate: Hebrew: Yehuda …   First names dictionary

  • Judah — masc. proper name, biblical son of Jacob by Leah, also the name of a tribe of Israel, from Heb. Yehudah, from stem of y d h, lit. praised …   Etymology dictionary

  • Judah — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Judah imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = meaning = region = origin = related names = footnotes = Judah (Hebrew: יְהוּדָה, Standard Hebrew: Yəhuda ; Tiberian vocalization:unicode|Yəhûḏāh, Celebrated,… …   Wikipedia

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